Italian Chambers of Commerce
What they are
What they do
- Administrative activities: keeping registers, roles, lists, records, in which the main events characterising the life of any company are recorded and certified;
- Promotional activities: support for companies and for development of the local economy;
- Activities for the study, analysis and monitoring of local economy data: for a better knowledge of the socio-economic situation of companies and for companies;
- Market regulation activities: to promote and increase transparency, certainty and equity in economic relations between companies and between companies and citizens.
The Chamber of Commerce from a legal viewpoint
It is an institution
- public: in that it operates as an authority (as well, obviously, as using normal private law instruments);
- independent: its independence, which is foreseen by law, is statutory and is both regulatory, financial and administrative;
- self-sufficient: it issues administrative documents that have the same effect as those issued by the State;
- local: as it operates with a specific district, which normally coincides with a province;
- non territorial: the authority of the body does not extend to all the individuals in a given territory, unlike that of the Regional, Provincial and Municipal authorities;
- necessary: primary legislation requires them to be set up;
- non-economic: its aims do not include making a profit, and it is only able to carry out economic activities in a marginal way and in order to pursue its institutional goals;
- institutional: it provides a general representation of interests, as compared with associations that pursue the specific interests of their associates.
The Chamber System
The Italian Chamber system consists of Chambers of Commerce organized on a territorial basis, Regional Associations, branch offices, Regional Overseas Centres, Italian Overseas Chambers of Commerce, Special Companies, European Points of Information, plus more than a thousand holdings in infrastructure, companies, consortia and other organisations.
In Italy the Chamber system is represented by Unioncamere, the Italian Union for Chambers of Commerce, whilst at a European level there is the association of Chambers of Commerce Eurochambres.